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bgp_nexthop.c

/* BGP nexthop scan
   Copyright (C) 2000 Kunihiro Ishiguro

This file is part of GNU Zebra.

GNU Zebra is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any
later version.

GNU Zebra is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GNU Zebra; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the Free
Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA
02111-1307, USA.  */

#include <zebra.h>

#include "command.h"
#include "thread.h"
#include "prefix.h"
#include "zclient.h"
#include "stream.h"
#include "network.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "memory.h"

#include "bgpd/bgpd.h"
#include "bgpd/bgp_table.h"
#include "bgpd/bgp_route.h"
#include "bgpd/bgp_attr.h"
#include "bgpd/bgp_nexthop.h"
#include "bgpd/bgp_debug.h"
#include "bgpd/bgp_damp.h"
#include "zebra/rib.h"
#include "zebra/zserv.h"      /* For ZEBRA_SERV_PATH. */

struct bgp_nexthop_cache *zlookup_query (struct in_addr);
#ifdef HAVE_IPV6
struct bgp_nexthop_cache *zlookup_query_ipv6 (struct in6_addr *);
#endif /* HAVE_IPV6 */

/* Only one BGP scan thread are activated at the same time. */
struct thread *bgp_scan_thread = NULL;

/* BGP import thread */
struct thread *bgp_import_thread = NULL;

/* BGP scan interval. */
int bgp_scan_interval;

/* BGP import interval. */
int bgp_import_interval;

/* Route table for next-hop lookup cache. */
struct bgp_table *bgp_nexthop_cache_table[AFI_MAX];
struct bgp_table *cache1_table[AFI_MAX];
struct bgp_table *cache2_table[AFI_MAX];

/* Route table for connected route. */
struct bgp_table *bgp_connected_table[AFI_MAX];

/* BGP nexthop lookup query client. */
static struct zclient *zlookup = NULL;

/* BGP process function. */
int bgp_process (struct bgp *, struct bgp_node *, afi_t, safi_t);

/* Add nexthop to the end of the list.  */
void
bnc_nexthop_add (struct bgp_nexthop_cache *bnc, struct nexthop *nexthop)
{
  struct nexthop *last;

  for (last = bnc->nexthop; last && last->next; last = last->next)
    ;
  if (last)
    last->next = nexthop;
  else
    bnc->nexthop = nexthop;
  nexthop->prev = last;
}

void
bnc_nexthop_free (struct bgp_nexthop_cache *bnc)
{
  struct nexthop *nexthop;
  struct nexthop *next = NULL;

  for (nexthop = bnc->nexthop; nexthop; nexthop = next)
    {
      next = nexthop->next;
      XFREE (MTYPE_NEXTHOP, nexthop);
    }
}

struct bgp_nexthop_cache *
bnc_new ()
{
  struct bgp_nexthop_cache *new;

  new = XMALLOC (MTYPE_BGP_NEXTHOP_CACHE, sizeof (struct bgp_nexthop_cache));
  memset (new, 0, sizeof (struct bgp_nexthop_cache));
  return new;
}

void
bnc_free (struct bgp_nexthop_cache *bnc)
{
  bnc_nexthop_free (bnc);
  XFREE (MTYPE_BGP_NEXTHOP_CACHE, bnc);
}

int
bgp_nexthop_same (struct nexthop *next1, struct nexthop *next2)
{
  if (next1->type != next2->type)
    return 0;

  switch (next1->type)
    {
    case ZEBRA_NEXTHOP_IPV4:
      if (! IPV4_ADDR_SAME (&next1->gate.ipv4, &next2->gate.ipv4))
      return 0;
      break;
    case ZEBRA_NEXTHOP_IFINDEX:
    case ZEBRA_NEXTHOP_IFNAME:
      if (next1->ifindex != next2->ifindex)
      return 0;
      break;
#ifdef HAVE_IPV6
    case ZEBRA_NEXTHOP_IPV6:
      if (! IPV6_ADDR_SAME (&next1->gate.ipv6, &next2->gate.ipv6))
      return 0;
      break;
    case ZEBRA_NEXTHOP_IPV6_IFINDEX:
    case ZEBRA_NEXTHOP_IPV6_IFNAME:
      if (! IPV6_ADDR_SAME (&next1->gate.ipv6, &next2->gate.ipv6))
      return 0;
      if (next1->ifindex != next2->ifindex)
      return 0;
      break;
#endif /* HAVE_IPV6 */
    default:
      /* do nothing */
      break;
    }
  return 1;
}

int
bgp_nexthop_cache_changed (struct bgp_nexthop_cache *bnc1,
                     struct bgp_nexthop_cache *bnc2)
{
  int i;
  struct nexthop *next1, *next2;

  if (bnc1->nexthop_num != bnc2->nexthop_num)
    return 1;

  next1 = bnc1->nexthop;
  next2 = bnc2->nexthop;

  for (i = 0; i < bnc1->nexthop_num; i++)
    {
      if (! bgp_nexthop_same (next1, next2))
      return 1;

      next1 = next1->next;
      next2 = next2->next;
    }
  return 0;
}

/* If nexthop exists on connected network return 1. */
int
bgp_nexthop_check_ebgp (afi_t afi, struct attr *attr)
{
  struct bgp_node *rn;

  /* If zebra is not enabled return */
  if (zlookup->sock < 0)
    return 1;

  /* Lookup the address is onlink or not. */
  if (afi == AFI_IP)
    {
      rn = bgp_node_match_ipv4 (bgp_connected_table[AFI_IP], &attr->nexthop);
      if (rn)
      {
        bgp_unlock_node (rn);
        return 1;
      }
    }
#ifdef HAVE_IPV6
  else if (afi == AFI_IP6)
    {
      if (attr->mp_nexthop_len == 32)
      return 1;
      else if (attr->mp_nexthop_len == 16)
      {
        if (IN6_IS_ADDR_LINKLOCAL (&attr->mp_nexthop_global))
          return 1;

        rn = bgp_node_match_ipv6 (bgp_connected_table[AFI_IP6],
                              &attr->mp_nexthop_global);
        if (rn)
          {
            bgp_unlock_node (rn);
            return 1;
          }
      }
    }
#endif /* HAVE_IPV6 */
  return 0;
}

#ifdef HAVE_IPV6
/* Check specified next-hop is reachable or not. */
int
bgp_nexthop_lookup_ipv6 (struct peer *peer, struct bgp_info *ri, int *changed,
                   int *metricchanged)
{
  struct bgp_node *rn;
  struct prefix p;
  struct bgp_nexthop_cache *bnc;
  struct attr *attr;

  /* If lookup is not enabled, return valid. */
  if (zlookup->sock < 0)
    {
      ri->igpmetric = 0;
      return 1;
    }

  /* Only check IPv6 global address only nexthop. */
  attr = ri->attr;

  if (attr->mp_nexthop_len != 16 
      || IN6_IS_ADDR_LINKLOCAL (&attr->mp_nexthop_global))
    return 1;

  memset (&p, 0, sizeof (struct prefix));
  p.family = AF_INET6;
  p.prefixlen = IPV6_MAX_BITLEN;
  p.u.prefix6 = attr->mp_nexthop_global;

  /* IBGP or ebgp-multihop */
  rn = bgp_node_get (bgp_nexthop_cache_table[AFI_IP6], &p);

  if (rn->info)
    {
      bnc = rn->info;
      bgp_unlock_node (rn);
    }
  else
    {
      bnc = zlookup_query_ipv6 (&attr->mp_nexthop_global);
      if (bnc)
      {
        struct bgp_table *old;
        struct bgp_node *oldrn;
        struct bgp_nexthop_cache *oldbnc;

        if (changed)
          {
            if (bgp_nexthop_cache_table[AFI_IP6] == cache1_table[AFI_IP6])
            old = cache2_table[AFI_IP6];
            else
            old = cache1_table[AFI_IP6];

            oldrn = bgp_node_lookup (old, &p);
            if (oldrn)
            {
              oldbnc = oldrn->info;

              bnc->changed = bgp_nexthop_cache_changed (bnc, oldbnc);

              if (bnc->metric != oldbnc->metric)
                bnc->metricchanged = 1;
            }
          }
      }
      else
      {
        bnc = bnc_new ();
        bnc->valid = 0;
      }
      rn->info = bnc;
    }

  if (changed)
    *changed = bnc->changed;

  if (metricchanged)
    *metricchanged = bnc->metricchanged;

  if (bnc->valid)
    ri->igpmetric = bnc->metric;
  else
    ri->igpmetric = 0;

  return bnc->valid;
}
#endif /* HAVE_IPV6 */

/* Check specified next-hop is reachable or not. */
int
bgp_nexthop_lookup (afi_t afi, struct peer *peer, struct bgp_info *ri,
                int *changed, int *metricchanged)
{
  struct bgp_node *rn;
  struct prefix p;
  struct bgp_nexthop_cache *bnc;
  struct in_addr addr;

  /* If lookup is not enabled, return valid. */
  if (zlookup->sock < 0)
    {
      ri->igpmetric = 0;
      return 1;
    }

#ifdef HAVE_IPV6
  if (afi == AFI_IP6)
    return bgp_nexthop_lookup_ipv6 (peer, ri, changed, metricchanged);
#endif /* HAVE_IPV6 */

  addr = ri->attr->nexthop;

  memset (&p, 0, sizeof (struct prefix));
  p.family = AF_INET;
  p.prefixlen = IPV4_MAX_BITLEN;
  p.u.prefix4 = addr;

  /* IBGP or ebgp-multihop */
  rn = bgp_node_get (bgp_nexthop_cache_table[AFI_IP], &p);

  if (rn->info)
    {
      bnc = rn->info;
      bgp_unlock_node (rn);
    }
  else
    {
      bnc = zlookup_query (addr);
      if (bnc)
      {
        struct bgp_table *old;
        struct bgp_node *oldrn;
        struct bgp_nexthop_cache *oldbnc;

        if (changed)
          {
            if (bgp_nexthop_cache_table[AFI_IP] == cache1_table[AFI_IP])
            old = cache2_table[AFI_IP];
            else
            old = cache1_table[AFI_IP];

            oldrn = bgp_node_lookup (old, &p);
            if (oldrn)
            {
              oldbnc = oldrn->info;

              bnc->changed = bgp_nexthop_cache_changed (bnc, oldbnc);

              if (bnc->metric != oldbnc->metric)
                bnc->metricchanged = 1;
            }
          }
      }
      else
      {
        bnc = bnc_new ();
        bnc->valid = 0;
      }
      rn->info = bnc;
    }

  if (changed)
    *changed = bnc->changed;

  if (metricchanged)
    *metricchanged = bnc->metricchanged;

  if (bnc->valid)
    ri->igpmetric = bnc->metric;
  else
    ri->igpmetric = 0;

  return bnc->valid;
}

/* Reset and free all BGP nexthop cache. */
void
bgp_nexthop_cache_reset (struct bgp_table *table)
{
  struct bgp_node *rn;
  struct bgp_nexthop_cache *bnc;

  for (rn = bgp_table_top (table); rn; rn = bgp_route_next (rn))
    if ((bnc = rn->info) != NULL)
      {
      bnc_free (bnc);
      rn->info = NULL;
      bgp_unlock_node (rn);
      }
}

void
bgp_scan (afi_t afi, safi_t safi)
{
  struct bgp_node *rn;
  struct bgp *bgp;
  struct bgp_info *bi;
  struct bgp_info *next;
  struct peer *peer;
  struct listnode *nn;
  int valid;
  int current;
  int changed;
  int metricchanged;

  /* Change cache. */
  if (bgp_nexthop_cache_table[afi] == cache1_table[afi])
    bgp_nexthop_cache_table[afi] = cache2_table[afi];
  else
    bgp_nexthop_cache_table[afi] = cache1_table[afi];

  /* Get default bgp. */
  bgp = bgp_get_default ();
  if (bgp == NULL)
    return;

  /* Maximum prefix check */
  LIST_LOOP (bgp->peer, peer, nn)
    {
      if (peer->status != Established)
      continue;

      if (peer->afc[afi][SAFI_UNICAST])
      bgp_maximum_prefix_overflow (peer, afi, SAFI_UNICAST, 1);
      if (peer->afc[afi][SAFI_MULTICAST])
      bgp_maximum_prefix_overflow (peer, afi, SAFI_MULTICAST, 1);
      if (peer->afc[afi][SAFI_MPLS_VPN])
      bgp_maximum_prefix_overflow (peer, afi, SAFI_MPLS_VPN, 1);
    }

  for (rn = bgp_table_top (bgp->rib[afi][SAFI_UNICAST]); rn;
       rn = bgp_route_next (rn))
    {
      for (bi = rn->info; bi; bi = next)
      {
        next = bi->next;

        if (bi->type == ZEBRA_ROUTE_BGP && bi->sub_type == BGP_ROUTE_NORMAL)
          {
            changed = 0;
            metricchanged = 0;

            if (peer_sort (bi->peer) == BGP_PEER_EBGP && bi->peer->ttl == 1)
            valid = bgp_nexthop_check_ebgp (afi, bi->attr);
            else
            valid = bgp_nexthop_lookup (afi, bi->peer, bi,
                                  &changed, &metricchanged);

            current = CHECK_FLAG (bi->flags, BGP_INFO_VALID) ? 1 : 0;

            if (changed)
            SET_FLAG (bi->flags, BGP_INFO_IGP_CHANGED);
            else
            UNSET_FLAG (bi->flags, BGP_INFO_IGP_CHANGED);

            if (valid != current)
            {
              if (CHECK_FLAG (bi->flags, BGP_INFO_VALID))
                {
                  bgp_aggregate_decrement (bgp, &rn->p, bi,
                                     afi, SAFI_UNICAST);
                  UNSET_FLAG (bi->flags, BGP_INFO_VALID);
                }
              else
                {
                  SET_FLAG (bi->flags, BGP_INFO_VALID);
                  bgp_aggregate_increment (bgp, &rn->p, bi,
                                     afi, SAFI_UNICAST);
                }
            }

              if (CHECK_FLAG (bgp->af_flags[afi][SAFI_UNICAST],
              BGP_CONFIG_DAMPENING)
                  &&  bi->damp_info )
                if (bgp_damp_scan (bi, afi, SAFI_UNICAST))
              bgp_aggregate_increment (bgp, &rn->p, bi,
                                 afi, SAFI_UNICAST);
          }
      }
      bgp_process (bgp, rn, afi, SAFI_UNICAST);
    }

  /* Flash old cache. */
  if (bgp_nexthop_cache_table[afi] == cache1_table[afi])
    bgp_nexthop_cache_reset (cache2_table[afi]);
  else
    bgp_nexthop_cache_reset (cache1_table[afi]);
}

/* BGP scan thread.  This thread check nexthop reachability. */
int
bgp_scan_timer (struct thread *t)
{
  bgp_scan_thread =
    thread_add_timer (master, bgp_scan_timer, NULL, bgp_scan_interval);

  if (BGP_DEBUG (normal, NORMAL))
    zlog_debug ("Performing BGP general scanning");

  bgp_scan (AFI_IP, SAFI_UNICAST);

#ifdef HAVE_IPV6
  bgp_scan (AFI_IP6, SAFI_UNICAST);
#endif /* HAVE_IPV6 */

  return 0;
}

struct bgp_connected_ref
{
  unsigned int refcnt;
};

void
bgp_connected_add (struct connected *ifc)
{
  struct prefix p;
  struct prefix *addr;
  struct prefix *dest;
  struct interface *ifp;
  struct bgp_node *rn;
  struct bgp_connected_ref *bc;

  ifp = ifc->ifp;

  if (! ifp)
    return;

  if (if_is_loopback (ifp))
    return;

  addr = ifc->address;
  dest = ifc->destination;

  if (addr->family == AF_INET)
    {
      memset (&p, 0, sizeof (struct prefix));
      p.family = AF_INET;
      p.prefixlen = addr->prefixlen;

      if (CONNECTED_POINTOPOINT_HOST(ifc))
      p.u.prefix4 = dest->u.prefix4;
      else
      p.u.prefix4 = addr->u.prefix4;

      apply_mask_ipv4 ((struct prefix_ipv4 *) &p);

      if (prefix_ipv4_any ((struct prefix_ipv4 *) &p))
      return;

      rn = bgp_node_get (bgp_connected_table[AFI_IP], (struct prefix *) &p);
      if (rn->info)
      {
        bc = rn->info;
        bc->refcnt++;
      }
      else
      {
        bc = XMALLOC (0, sizeof (struct bgp_connected_ref));
        memset (bc, 0, sizeof (struct bgp_connected_ref));
        bc->refcnt = 1;
        rn->info = bc;
      }
    }
#ifdef HAVE_IPV6
  if (addr->family == AF_INET6)
    {
      memset (&p, 0, sizeof (struct prefix));
      p.family = AF_INET6;
      p.prefixlen = addr->prefixlen;

      if (if_is_pointopoint (ifp) && dest)
      p.u.prefix6 = dest->u.prefix6;
      else
      p.u.prefix6 = addr->u.prefix6;

      apply_mask_ipv6 ((struct prefix_ipv6 *) &p);

      if (IN6_IS_ADDR_UNSPECIFIED (&p.u.prefix6))
      return;

      if (IN6_IS_ADDR_LINKLOCAL (&p.u.prefix6))
      return;

      rn = bgp_node_get (bgp_connected_table[AFI_IP6], (struct prefix *) &p);
      if (rn->info)
      {
        bc = rn->info;
        bc->refcnt++;
      }
      else
      {
        bc = XMALLOC (0, sizeof (struct bgp_connected_ref));
        memset (bc, 0, sizeof (struct bgp_connected_ref));
        bc->refcnt = 1;
        rn->info = bc;
      }
    }
#endif /* HAVE_IPV6 */
}

void
bgp_connected_delete (struct connected *ifc)
{
  struct prefix p;
  struct prefix *addr;
  struct prefix *dest;
  struct interface *ifp;
  struct bgp_node *rn;
  struct bgp_connected_ref *bc;

  ifp = ifc->ifp;

  if (if_is_loopback (ifp))
    return;

  addr = ifc->address;
  dest = ifc->destination;

  if (addr->family == AF_INET)
    {
      memset (&p, 0, sizeof (struct prefix));
      p.family = AF_INET;
      p.prefixlen = addr->prefixlen;

      if (CONNECTED_POINTOPOINT_HOST(ifc))
      p.u.prefix4 = dest->u.prefix4;
      else
      p.u.prefix4 = addr->u.prefix4;

      apply_mask_ipv4 ((struct prefix_ipv4 *) &p);

      if (prefix_ipv4_any ((struct prefix_ipv4 *) &p))
      return;

      rn = bgp_node_lookup (bgp_connected_table[AFI_IP], &p);
      if (! rn)
      return;

      bc = rn->info;
      bc->refcnt--;
      if (bc->refcnt == 0)
      {
        XFREE (0, bc);
        rn->info = NULL;
      }
      bgp_unlock_node (rn);
      bgp_unlock_node (rn);
    }
#ifdef HAVE_IPV6
  else if (addr->family == AF_INET6)
    {
      memset (&p, 0, sizeof (struct prefix));
      p.family = AF_INET6;
      p.prefixlen = addr->prefixlen;

      if (if_is_pointopoint (ifp) && dest)
      p.u.prefix6 = dest->u.prefix6;
      else
      p.u.prefix6 = addr->u.prefix6;

      apply_mask_ipv6 ((struct prefix_ipv6 *) &p);

      if (IN6_IS_ADDR_UNSPECIFIED (&p.u.prefix6))
      return;

      if (IN6_IS_ADDR_LINKLOCAL (&p.u.prefix6))
      return;

      rn = bgp_node_lookup (bgp_connected_table[AFI_IP6], (struct prefix *) &p);
      if (! rn)
      return;

      bc = rn->info;
      bc->refcnt--;
      if (bc->refcnt == 0)
      {
        XFREE (0, bc);
        rn->info = NULL;
      }
      bgp_unlock_node (rn);
      bgp_unlock_node (rn);
    }
#endif /* HAVE_IPV6 */
}

int
bgp_nexthop_self (afi_t afi, struct attr *attr)
{
  struct listnode *node;
  struct listnode *node2;
  struct interface *ifp;
  struct connected *ifc;
  struct prefix *p;

  for (node = listhead (iflist); node; nextnode (node))
    {
      ifp = getdata (node);

      for (node2 = listhead (ifp->connected); node2; nextnode (node2))
      {
        ifc = getdata (node2);
        p = ifc->address;

        if (p && p->family == AF_INET 
            && IPV4_ADDR_SAME (&p->u.prefix4, &attr->nexthop))
          return 1;
      }
    }
  return 0;
}

struct bgp_nexthop_cache *
zlookup_read ()
{
  struct stream *s;
  u_int16_t length;
  u_char command;
  int nbytes;
  struct in_addr raddr;
  u_int32_t metric;
  int i;
  u_char nexthop_num;
  struct nexthop *nexthop;
  struct bgp_nexthop_cache *bnc;

  s = zlookup->ibuf;
  stream_reset (s);

  nbytes = stream_read (s, zlookup->sock, 2);
  length = stream_getw (s);

  nbytes = stream_read (s, zlookup->sock, length - 2);
  command = stream_getc (s);
  raddr.s_addr = stream_get_ipv4 (s);
  metric = stream_getl (s);
  nexthop_num = stream_getc (s);

  if (nexthop_num)
    {
      bnc = bnc_new ();
      bnc->valid = 1;
      bnc->metric = metric;
      bnc->nexthop_num = nexthop_num;

      for (i = 0; i < nexthop_num; i++)
      {
        nexthop = XMALLOC (MTYPE_NEXTHOP, sizeof (struct nexthop));
        memset (nexthop, 0, sizeof (struct nexthop));
        nexthop->type = stream_getc (s);
        switch (nexthop->type)
          {
          case ZEBRA_NEXTHOP_IPV4:
            nexthop->gate.ipv4.s_addr = stream_get_ipv4 (s);
            break;
          case ZEBRA_NEXTHOP_IFINDEX:
          case ZEBRA_NEXTHOP_IFNAME:
            nexthop->ifindex = stream_getl (s);
            break;
            default:
              /* do nothing */
              break;
          }
        bnc_nexthop_add (bnc, nexthop);
      }
    }
  else
    return NULL;

  return bnc;
}

struct bgp_nexthop_cache *
zlookup_query (struct in_addr addr)
{
  int ret;
  struct stream *s;

  /* Check socket. */
  if (zlookup->sock < 0)
    return NULL;

  s = zlookup->obuf;
  stream_reset (s);
  stream_putw (s, 7);
  stream_putc (s, ZEBRA_IPV4_NEXTHOP_LOOKUP);
  stream_put_in_addr (s, &addr);

  ret = writen (zlookup->sock, s->data, 7);
  if (ret < 0)
    {
      zlog_err ("can't write to zlookup->sock");
      close (zlookup->sock);
      zlookup->sock = -1;
      return NULL;
    }
  if (ret == 0)
    {
      zlog_err ("zlookup->sock connection closed");
      close (zlookup->sock);
      zlookup->sock = -1;
      return NULL;
    }

  return zlookup_read ();
}

#ifdef HAVE_IPV6
struct bgp_nexthop_cache *
zlookup_read_ipv6 ()
{
  struct stream *s;
  u_int16_t length;
  u_char command;
  int nbytes;
  struct in6_addr raddr;
  u_int32_t metric;
  int i;
  u_char nexthop_num;
  struct nexthop *nexthop;
  struct bgp_nexthop_cache *bnc;

  s = zlookup->ibuf;
  stream_reset (s);

  nbytes = stream_read (s, zlookup->sock, 2);
  length = stream_getw (s);

  nbytes = stream_read (s, zlookup->sock, length - 2);
  command = stream_getc (s);

  stream_get (&raddr, s, 16);

  metric = stream_getl (s);
  nexthop_num = stream_getc (s);

  if (nexthop_num)
    {
      bnc = bnc_new ();
      bnc->valid = 1;
      bnc->metric = metric;
      bnc->nexthop_num = nexthop_num;

      for (i = 0; i < nexthop_num; i++)
      {
        nexthop = XMALLOC (MTYPE_NEXTHOP, sizeof (struct nexthop));
        memset (nexthop, 0, sizeof (struct nexthop));
        nexthop->type = stream_getc (s);
        switch (nexthop->type)
          {
          case ZEBRA_NEXTHOP_IPV6:
            stream_get (&nexthop->gate.ipv6, s, 16);
            break;
          case ZEBRA_NEXTHOP_IPV6_IFINDEX:
          case ZEBRA_NEXTHOP_IPV6_IFNAME:
            stream_get (&nexthop->gate.ipv6, s, 16);
            nexthop->ifindex = stream_getl (s);
            break;
          case ZEBRA_NEXTHOP_IFINDEX:
          case ZEBRA_NEXTHOP_IFNAME:
            nexthop->ifindex = stream_getl (s);
            break;
          default:
            /* do nothing */
            break;
          }
        bnc_nexthop_add (bnc, nexthop);
      }
    }
  else
    return NULL;

  return bnc;
}

struct bgp_nexthop_cache *
zlookup_query_ipv6 (struct in6_addr *addr)
{
  int ret;
  struct stream *s;

  /* Check socket. */
  if (zlookup->sock < 0)
    return NULL;

  s = zlookup->obuf;
  stream_reset (s);
  stream_putw (s, 19);
  stream_putc (s, ZEBRA_IPV6_NEXTHOP_LOOKUP);
  stream_put (s, addr, 16);

  ret = writen (zlookup->sock, s->data, 19);
  if (ret < 0)
    {
      zlog_err ("can't write to zlookup->sock");
      close (zlookup->sock);
      zlookup->sock = -1;
      return NULL;
    }
  if (ret == 0)
    {
      zlog_err ("zlookup->sock connection closed");
      close (zlookup->sock);
      zlookup->sock = -1;
      return NULL;
    }

  return zlookup_read_ipv6 ();
}
#endif /* HAVE_IPV6 */

int
bgp_import_check (struct prefix *p, u_int32_t *igpmetric, struct in_addr *igpnexthop)
{
  struct stream *s;
  int ret;
  u_int16_t length;
  u_char command;
  int nbytes;
  struct in_addr addr;
  struct in_addr nexthop;
  u_int32_t metric = 0;
  u_char nexthop_num;
  u_char nexthop_type;

  /* If lookup connection is not available return valid. */
  if (zlookup->sock < 0)
    {
      if (igpmetric)
      *igpmetric = 0;
      return 1;
    }

  /* Send query to the lookup connection */
  s = zlookup->obuf;
  stream_reset (s);
  stream_putw (s, 8);
  stream_putc (s, ZEBRA_IPV4_IMPORT_LOOKUP);
  stream_putc (s, p->prefixlen);
  stream_put_in_addr (s, &p->u.prefix4);

  /* Write the packet. */
  ret = writen (zlookup->sock, s->data, 8);

  if (ret < 0)
    {
      zlog_err ("can't write to zlookup->sock");
      close (zlookup->sock);
      zlookup->sock = -1;
      return 1;
    }
  if (ret == 0)
    {
      zlog_err ("zlookup->sock connection closed");
      close (zlookup->sock);
      zlookup->sock = -1;
      return 1;
    }

  /* Get result. */
  stream_reset (s);

  /* Fetch length. */
  nbytes = stream_read (s, zlookup->sock, 2);
  length = stream_getw (s);

  /* Fetch whole data. */
  nbytes = stream_read (s, zlookup->sock, length - 2);
  command = stream_getc (s);
  addr.s_addr = stream_get_ipv4 (s);
  metric = stream_getl (s);
  nexthop_num = stream_getc (s);

  /* Set IGP metric value. */
  if (igpmetric)
    *igpmetric = metric;

  /* If there is nexthop then this is active route. */
  if (nexthop_num)
    {
      nexthop.s_addr = 0;
      nexthop_type = stream_getc (s);
      if (nexthop_type == ZEBRA_NEXTHOP_IPV4)
      {
        nexthop.s_addr = stream_get_ipv4 (s);
        if (igpnexthop)
          *igpnexthop = nexthop;
      }
      else
      *igpnexthop = nexthop;

      return 1;
    }
  else
    return 0;
}

/* Scan all configured BGP route then check the route exists in IGP or
   not. */
int
bgp_import (struct thread *t)
{
  struct bgp_master *bm;
  struct bgp *bgp;
  struct bgp_node *rn;
  struct bgp_static *bgp_static;
  struct listnode *nn;
  int valid;
  u_int32_t metric;
  struct in_addr nexthop;
  afi_t afi;
  safi_t safi;

  bgp_import_thread = 
    thread_add_timer (master, bgp_import, NULL, bgp_import_interval);

  bm = bgp_get_master ();
  if (! bm)
    return 0;

  LIST_LOOP (bm->bgp, bgp, nn)
    {
      for (afi = AFI_IP; afi < AFI_MAX; afi++)
      for (safi = SAFI_UNICAST; safi < SAFI_MPLS_VPN; safi++)
        for (rn = bgp_table_top (bgp->route[afi][safi]); rn;
             rn = bgp_route_next (rn))
          if ((bgp_static = rn->info) != NULL)
            {
            if (bgp_static->backdoor)
              continue;

            valid = bgp_static->valid;
            metric = bgp_static->igpmetric;
            nexthop = bgp_static->igpnexthop;

            if (bgp_flag_check (bgp, BGP_FLAG_IMPORT_CHECK)
                && afi == AFI_IP && safi == SAFI_UNICAST)
              bgp_static->valid = bgp_import_check (&rn->p, &bgp_static->igpmetric,
                                            &bgp_static->igpnexthop);
            else
              {
                bgp_static->valid = 1;
                bgp_static->igpmetric = 0;
                bgp_static->igpnexthop.s_addr = 0;
              }

            if (bgp_static->valid != valid)
              {
                if (bgp_static->valid)
                  bgp_static_update (bgp, &rn->p, bgp_static, afi, safi);
                else
                  bgp_static_withdraw (bgp, &rn->p, afi, safi);
              }
            else if (bgp_static->valid)
              {
                if (bgp_static->igpmetric != metric
                  || bgp_static->igpnexthop.s_addr != nexthop.s_addr
                  || bgp_static->rmap.name)
                  bgp_static_update (bgp, &rn->p, bgp_static, afi, safi);
              }
            }
    }
  return 0;
}

/* Connect to zebra for nexthop lookup. */
int
zlookup_connect (struct thread *t)
{
  struct zclient *zlookup;

  zlookup = THREAD_ARG (t);
  zlookup->t_connect = NULL;

  if (zlookup->sock != -1)
    return 0;

#ifdef HAVE_TCP_ZEBRA
  zlookup->sock = zclient_socket ();
#else
  zlookup->sock = zclient_socket_un (ZEBRA_SERV_PATH);
#endif /* HAVE_TCP_ZEBRA */
  if (zlookup->sock < 0)
    return -1;

  return 0;
}

/* Check specified multiaccess next-hop. */
int
bgp_multiaccess_check_v4 (struct in_addr nexthop, char *peer)
{
  struct bgp_node *rn1;
  struct bgp_node *rn2;
  struct prefix p1;
  struct prefix p2;
  struct in_addr addr;
  int ret;

  ret = inet_aton (peer, &addr);
  if (! ret)
    return 0;

  memset (&p1, 0, sizeof (struct prefix));
  p1.family = AF_INET;
  p1.prefixlen = IPV4_MAX_BITLEN;
  p1.u.prefix4 = nexthop;
  memset (&p2, 0, sizeof (struct prefix));
  p2.family = AF_INET;
  p2.prefixlen = IPV4_MAX_BITLEN;
  p2.u.prefix4 = addr;

  /* If bgp scan is not enabled, return invalid. */
  if (zlookup->sock < 0)
    return 0;

  rn1 = bgp_node_match (bgp_connected_table[AFI_IP], &p1);
  if (! rn1)
    return 0;
  
  rn2 = bgp_node_match (bgp_connected_table[AFI_IP], &p2);
  if (! rn2)
    return 0;

  if (rn1 == rn2)
    return 1;

  return 0;
}

DEFUN (bgp_scan_time,
       bgp_scan_time_cmd,
       "bgp scan-time <5-60>",
       "BGP specific commands\n"
       "Configure background scanner interval\n"
       "Scanner interval (seconds)\n")
{
  bgp_scan_interval = atoi (argv[0]);

  if (bgp_scan_thread)
    {
      thread_cancel (bgp_scan_thread);
      bgp_scan_thread = 
      thread_add_timer (master, bgp_scan_timer, NULL, bgp_scan_interval);
    }

  return CMD_SUCCESS;
}

DEFUN (no_bgp_scan_time,
       no_bgp_scan_time_cmd,
       "no bgp scan-time",
       NO_STR
       "BGP specific commands\n"
       "Configure background scanner interval\n")
{
  bgp_scan_interval = BGP_SCAN_INTERVAL_DEFAULT;

  if (bgp_scan_thread)
    {
      thread_cancel (bgp_scan_thread);
      bgp_scan_thread = 
      thread_add_timer (master, bgp_scan_timer, NULL, bgp_scan_interval);
    }

  return CMD_SUCCESS;
}

ALIAS (no_bgp_scan_time,
       no_bgp_scan_time_val_cmd,
       "no bgp scan-time <5-60>",
       NO_STR
       "BGP specific commands\n"
       "Configure background scanner interval\n"
       "Scanner interval (seconds)\n")

DEFUN (show_ip_bgp_scan,
       show_ip_bgp_scan_cmd,
       "show ip bgp scan",
       SHOW_STR
       IP_STR
       BGP_STR
       "BGP scan status\n")
{
  struct bgp_node *rn;
  struct bgp_nexthop_cache *bnc;

  if (bgp_scan_thread)
    vty_out (vty, "BGP scan is running%s", VTY_NEWLINE);
  else
    vty_out (vty, "BGP scan is not running%s", VTY_NEWLINE);
  vty_out (vty, "BGP scan interval is %d%s", bgp_scan_interval, VTY_NEWLINE);

  vty_out (vty, "Current BGP nexthop cache:%s", VTY_NEWLINE);
  for (rn = bgp_table_top (bgp_nexthop_cache_table[AFI_IP]); rn; rn = bgp_route_next (rn))
    if ((bnc = rn->info) != NULL)
      {
      if (bnc->valid)
        vty_out (vty, " %s valid [IGP metric %d]%s",
               inet_ntoa (rn->p.u.prefix4), bnc->metric, VTY_NEWLINE);
      else
        vty_out (vty, " %s invalid%s",
               inet_ntoa (rn->p.u.prefix4), VTY_NEWLINE);
      }

#ifdef HAVE_IPV6
  {
    char buf[BUFSIZ];
    for (rn = bgp_table_top (bgp_nexthop_cache_table[AFI_IP6]); 
         rn; 
         rn = bgp_route_next (rn))
      if ((bnc = rn->info) != NULL)
      {
        if (bnc->valid)
          vty_out (vty, " %s valid [IGP metric %d]%s",
                 inet_ntop (AF_INET6, &rn->p.u.prefix6, buf, BUFSIZ),
                 bnc->metric, VTY_NEWLINE);
        else
          vty_out (vty, " %s invalid%s",
                 inet_ntop (AF_INET6, &rn->p.u.prefix6, buf, BUFSIZ),
                 VTY_NEWLINE);
      }
  }
#endif /* HAVE_IPV6 */

  vty_out (vty, "BGP connected route:%s", VTY_NEWLINE);
  for (rn = bgp_table_top (bgp_connected_table[AFI_IP]); 
       rn; 
       rn = bgp_route_next (rn))
    if (rn->info != NULL)
      vty_out (vty, " %s/%d%s", inet_ntoa (rn->p.u.prefix4), rn->p.prefixlen,
             VTY_NEWLINE);

#ifdef HAVE_IPV6
  {
    char buf[BUFSIZ];

    for (rn = bgp_table_top (bgp_connected_table[AFI_IP6]); 
         rn; 
         rn = bgp_route_next (rn))
      if (rn->info != NULL)
      vty_out (vty, " %s/%d%s",
             inet_ntop (AF_INET6, &rn->p.u.prefix6, buf, BUFSIZ),
             rn->p.prefixlen,
             VTY_NEWLINE);
  }
#endif /* HAVE_IPV6 */

  return CMD_SUCCESS;
}

int
bgp_config_write_scan_time (struct vty *vty)
{
  if (bgp_scan_interval != BGP_SCAN_INTERVAL_DEFAULT)
    vty_out (vty, " bgp scan-time %d%s", bgp_scan_interval, VTY_NEWLINE);
  return CMD_SUCCESS;
}

void
bgp_scan_init ()
{
  zlookup = zclient_new ();
  zlookup->sock = -1;
  zlookup->ibuf = stream_new (ZEBRA_MAX_PACKET_SIZ);
  zlookup->obuf = stream_new (ZEBRA_MAX_PACKET_SIZ);
  zlookup->t_connect = thread_add_event (master, zlookup_connect, zlookup, 0);

  bgp_scan_interval = BGP_SCAN_INTERVAL_DEFAULT;
  bgp_import_interval = BGP_IMPORT_INTERVAL_DEFAULT;

  cache1_table[AFI_IP] = bgp_table_init ();
  cache2_table[AFI_IP] = bgp_table_init ();
  bgp_nexthop_cache_table[AFI_IP] = cache1_table[AFI_IP];

  bgp_connected_table[AFI_IP] = bgp_table_init ();

#ifdef HAVE_IPV6
  cache1_table[AFI_IP6] = bgp_table_init ();
  cache2_table[AFI_IP6] = bgp_table_init ();
  bgp_nexthop_cache_table[AFI_IP6] = cache1_table[AFI_IP6];
  bgp_connected_table[AFI_IP6] = bgp_table_init ();
#endif /* HAVE_IPV6 */

  /* Make BGP scan thread. */
  bgp_scan_thread = thread_add_timer (master, bgp_scan_timer, 
                                      NULL, bgp_scan_interval);
  /* Make BGP import there. */
  bgp_import_thread = thread_add_timer (master, bgp_import, NULL, 0);

  install_element (BGP_NODE, &bgp_scan_time_cmd);
  install_element (BGP_NODE, &no_bgp_scan_time_cmd);
  install_element (BGP_NODE, &no_bgp_scan_time_val_cmd);
  install_element (VIEW_NODE, &show_ip_bgp_scan_cmd);
  install_element (ENABLE_NODE, &show_ip_bgp_scan_cmd);
}

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